The European integration process is now at a particularly critical juncture in its history. The internal and external pressures exerted on the European construction and the Brexit issue have revived the debate about the future of European integration. In the light of the publication of the White Paper on the Future of Europe by the European Commission, the authors present the fundamental dilemmas presently facing the European elites regarding EU’s future given the shifts now under way in the contemporary European and international system. The working paper sets out the most important internal and external challenges facing the EU, while it explores the conditions and preconditions under which a new European institutional architecture can emerge into the framework of differentiated integration, thus making easier the promotion of reinforced cooperation schemes between different groups of EU member states.
Working Paper 78/2017: From EU integration to a differentiated integration in Europe? 
Authors: Filippa Chatzistavrou and Konstantinos Papanicolaou