Research project CLANDESTINO: Truth and lies about the irregular migration
According to the RESEARCH BRIEFING on Greece, this is a substantial decrease from the estimates in the 1990s pointing up to 700,000 irregular migrants. Nonetheless, even scientific estimates on irregular migration should be taken with a pinch of salt advises Thanos Maroukis, a Research Fellow at ELIAMEP who has worked extensively on Greek and European datasets on irregular migration. ‘
Estimates released by the media, especially those quoting politicians and state officials are unreliable’ notes Maroukis ‘They use apprehensions data in order to describe the size of irregular migration without considering that apprehensions may count twice the same person. They do not distinguish between people trying to enter the border and people caught within the country. They also neglect the fact that a higher number of apprehensions may result from stricter enforcement rather than from higher migration pressures.’
The CLANDESTINO project investigates not only numbers but the channels through which irregular migrants enter in EU countries. The picture varies in different countries of the EU. As regards Greece, Anna Triandafyllidou, Coordinator of the entire project and Senior Fellow at ELIAMEP, warns: “it is often the inadequate management of legal immigration that produces irregularity. In Greece, restrictive, complicated and lengthy bureaucratic procedures encourage irregular entry and stay. The informal economy then completes the job. Regular work is hard to fin even for legal migrants, let alone irregular ones. Often legal migrants can only find informal employment which often makes them unable to renew their permit because they cannot prove they have a job, pay taxes and welfare contributions”
What can be done then to reduce the size of irregular migration and tackle the phenomenon at a more long term perspective: “Policy makers have to realize that border controls alone neither deter nor reduce irregular migration” says the ELIAMEP CLANDESTINO team. “They only push migrants and smugglers to change the points and strategies of entry to the country. Policy should make legal migration feasible; simplify the existing procedure for inviting a foreign worker; organise «one stop shops» for permits.
For more information on the CLANDESTINO Project and for a detailed analysis of irregular migration in Greece and in 11 other EU countries please contact Prof. Anna Triandafyllidou email@example.com or Dr. Thanos Maroukis firstname.lastname@example.org.