Arab regimes have adopted three types of attitude towards the rising force of islamist movements: eradication, selective cooptation and inclusion. We will particularly focus on the inclusion strategy, which offers the most interesting material to observe how islamist forces do react when they are put to the test of democratic participation.

Title Democratization in the Arab-Muslim World
Authors Bichara Khader and Vincent Legrant
Edition WP98.009, 1998