Government expenditure on education exhibits significant fluctuations across the years in Mediterranean countries. France ranked 8th among Mediterranean countries in 2020, allocating 5.5% of its GDP to education. Meanwhile, Israel and Algeria were the top two countries with the highest government expenditure on education (7.1% and 7% respectively). Egypt and Lebanon were positioned at the lower end of the spectrum, with expenditures of 2.5% and 1.7% respectively.

Note: Analysis produced by Alma Economics, based on the most recent available World Bank data. Some indicators reflect pre-pandemic trends. Data gaps identified highlight the need to systematically collect quality data to inform decision-making.

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