There are two main reasons that can explain the surge of Turkish military operations in the recent months, according to an article in the TA NEA newspaper by Bilkendi University’s Associate Professor of Political Sciences and Public Administration and ELIAMEP’s research associate, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis. The first reason is to confirm the existence of a strategic gap in the Middle East. The rather lukewarm condemnation by the international community of the invasion of Turkish troops in northeast Syria, has encouraged Turkish ambitions. Ankara appears ready to deploy military forces to defend what it defines as of vital interest. As Ioannis N. Grigoriadis points out, what is also crucial is the reinforcement of the belief that there is a close personal bond between Presidents Erdogan and Trump, who will work for the protection of Turkish interests, irrespective of US State Department recommendations and congressional decisions. The recent brave cut in interest rates by the Turkish central bank would seem unthinkable in an environment of volatility in the US-Turkish relations, says the assistant professor. The second reason derives from the internal political developments in Turkey. The defeat of Turkey’s ruling party in the country’s major municipalities, as well as the announcement of the establishment of political parties by Ali Babacan and Ahmet Davutoglu, describe 2020 as a tough year for Erdogan and ,as Mr Grigoriadis points out, an early election should not be ruled out.