On Thursday 7 December we welcomed at ELIAMEP Professor Yezid Sayigh, Senior Fellow at the Malcom H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center of Beirut. The discussion, which was moderated by Prof. Loukas Tsoukalis, President of ELIAMEP and Prof. Maria Gavouneli, Director General of ELIAMEP, focused on the present and future challenges of the Middle East.