The table depicts how much each Med country trades with Med sub-regions, expressed as a share of each country’s total trade. In 2022, Med countries traded the most with the EU Med sub-region and the least with the Levantine.

Note: Analysis produced by Alma Economics based on data from the UN Comtrade database. Due to incomplete data for 2023, we focus our analysis on 2022. Values are shown for 2022, as a percentage of total trade and include trade only for goods. The Mediterranean sub-regions are defined as follows: Levantine (Israel, Lebanon, State of Palestine, Syria), North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia), European non-EU (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Turkey), and EU Med (Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Spain). Algeria, Libya and Syria are excluded from this analysis as there is a lack of available data.

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