Following the Millennium Development Goals, in 2015 the United Nations adopted the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with 169 sub-objectives. The SDGs can be seen as an appeal to states to take action in 17 different areas, including Energy (SDG 7), in order to improve the lives and prospects of all people in all parts of the world. The objectives are non-binding and are not accompanied by any enforcement mechanism. However, the UN has adopted a system of 231 indicators to evaluate the SDGs’ implementation and progress. This progress depends solely on the countries who are free to adopt their own policies, plans, and programs of sustainable development. At the regional level the action of the European Union (EU) with legally binding procedures favors the implementation of the SDGs. Despite some delays, Greece has initiated this process and is taking a wide range of actions.
You can find the full text of this policy paper, by Othon-Alexandros Kaminiaris-Kontostavlos, PhD Candidate, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens; Junior Research Fellow, Institute of European Integration and Policy, in Greek here.